Every morning I wipe the crust out of the corner of my eyes, suck down a giant cup of coffee, and then wander to my basement gym, where I commence to flip the power on my sauna. I then step inside, and sweat hard and heavy for fifteen to thirty minutes.
Sometimes I do yoga, sometimes I do kettlebell swings, sometimes I simply stare at the wall and meditate. However, I always feel pangs of guilt, desire and an intense urge to go sweat if I ever miss my daily sauna session.
On the rare morning that I can’t find time to sauna, I carve out time in the afternoon or evening (usually after my workout, for reasons you’re about to read). As a matter of fact, aside from when I’m traveling to speak at conferences or attending events, it’s been nearly forty-five days since I’ve missed a single sauna session.
So, yes, there, I admit it -- I am a sauna addict. Knowing that I can venture downstairs and enter into a private chamber that gives my body a myriad of benefits simply makes a sauna sit a daily must for me.
Why the sauna? Am I a heat masochist? Addicted to sweating? An introverted loner who thrives on staring at wooden wall slats as my heart races faster and faster?
Frankly, there are 10 main, scientifically proven reasons I “sauna.” In no particular order of importance here they are.
A new report in JAMA Internal Medicine shows that regularly spending time in a sauna may help keep the heart healthy and extend life. Researchers from the University of Eastern Finland tracked 2,300 middle-aged men for an average of 20 years. They found that the more sessions per week men spent in the sauna, the lower their risk of sudden cardiac death and fatal coronary heart disease. The sauna also extended the life of participants with other illnesses, including cancer.
According to the study, participants who had two or three sauna sessions a week had a 22% reduced chance of suffering sudden cardiac death. Men who had four to seven sauna sessions of at least 20 minutes each had the greatest benefits. Compared with those who had just one sauna session a week, they had a 63% lower risk of sudden cardiac death. Additionally, they had 50% lower risk of CVD (cardiovascular disease) death, 48% lower risk of CHD (coronary heart disease) death, and were 40% less likely to die from all causes.
Researchers reported that the benefit to cardiovascular health was likely due to the decrease in blood pressure and an increase in blood vessel diameter that both infrared exposure and heat exposure can provide.
I spent time last month in Finland, sitting naked in a traditional Finnish smoke sauna. I was surrounded by old guys, who definitely seemed more ripped and vibrant than their fat, Western counterparts. I can certainly attest to the fact that there’s something special going on with this Finnish tradition.
The skin is a major detox organ, and sweating through the skin is a critical human detox function. However, most people don’t sweat regularly or enough. Think detoxing is an airy-fairy, pushing-a-shopping-carts-full-of-kale-through-Whole-Foods myth? Think again.
The body is very effective at eliminating toxins via the skin, but cleansing through the skin only really works if you make your body sweat. But many of us sit in air-conditioned indoor environments all day, and even gyms with temperature control can be a tough place to work up a serious sweat. So, in these type of situations you completely miss out on a major source of toxin elimination..
To combat these effects a sauna can purify the body from the inside out. It can eliminating compounds such as PCB’s, metals and toxins that are stored in fat cells, which can undergo lipolysis and release toxins upon exposure to infrared-based heat. Yep, you read that right -- you are going to battle against and killing little screaming fat cells to death when you sweat in a sauna.
Growth hormone is crucial for repair and recovery of muscles, and research has shown that two 20-minute sauna sessions separated by a 30-minute cooling period elevated growth hormone levels two-fold over baseline. Two 15-minute sauna sessions at an even warmer temperature separated by a 30-minute cooling period resulted in a five-fold increase in growth hormone.
Perhaps even more nifty is that repeated exposure to whole-body, intermittent hyperthermia through sauna use boosts growth hormone immediately afterward, and two one-hour sauna sessions for 7 days has been shown to increase growth hormone by 16-fold. Yeah, that’s right -- you don’t need to go buy fancy supplements or creams to increase growth hormone. You can just make your body hot instead and get a growth hormone increase
It is also important to note that when hyperthermia and exercise are combined they induce a synergistic increase in growth hormone, which is why I do yoga, push-ups and squats in my infrared sauna. For an additional recovery benefit, a sauna also increases blood flow to the skeletal muscles. This helps to keep muscles fueled with glucose, amino acids, fatty acids, and oxygen, while removing by-products of metabolic processes such as lactic acid and calcium ions.
In a report in The Annals of Clinical Research, Volume 20, Dr. H. Isomäki discusses research results that show benefits of sauna for relief of pain and increased mobility. In the study, the pain relief induced by a sauna was attributed to an increase in the release of anti-inflammatory compounds such as noradrenaline, adrenaline, cortisol and growth hormones, as well as an increase in positive stress on the body. This causes the body to releases natural pain-killing endorphins. More than 50% of participants reported temporary relief of pain and an increase in mobility. This is most likely due to the fact that tissues comprised of collagen (like tendons), fascia, and joint articular capsules become more flexible when exposed to increased temperatures.
Now here’s the deal -- I don’t actually have arthritis. But I do have some pretty freaking gnarly joint pain the day after I’ve finished a typical workout of heavy squats, sandbag carries, kettlebell swings, hill sprints and tire flips. After my morning sauna session, things seem to melt away.
Can you get bigger biceps or a more toned butt by reading a magazine while sweating profusely? It could happen. Sauna conditioning can lend itself to promoting muscle growth and fat loss by improving insulin sensitivity and decreasing muscle protein catabolism. Intermittent hyperthermia has been shown to reduce insulin resistance in obese mice. In a recent study insulin-resistant, diabetic mice were subjected to 30 minutes of heat treatment for three times a week for twelve weeks. The results were a 31% decrease in insulin levels and a significant reduction in blood glucose levels --both of which can contribute to an increase in muscle growth, an increase in weight control, and fat loss.
It has also been shown that 30-minute intermittent hyperthermic treatment can cause a significant expression of something called heat shock proteins in muscle. This is correlated with 30% more muscle regrowth. In other words, let’s say you can’t weight train -- you’ve got a recovery day or you want to maintain muscle, but you’re injured. Based on research the use of a sauna can maintain your muscle mass.
Sure, you may get congested in your sauna if you step in there when you’re sick, but you also may get better faster. The Journal of Human Kinetics recently investigated the effect of sauna use on the immune system. It specifically examined white blood cell profile, cortisol levels, and selected physiological indices in athletes and non-athletes. The subjects from both a sauna group and a control group participated in 15-minute sauna sessions until their core temperature rose by 1.2°C.
After the sauna session, an increased number of white blood cells, lymphocyte, neutrophil, and basophil counts were reported in the white blood cell profile. This showed that sauna use stimulates the immune system. Sauna medical research also shows that saunas can significantly reduce the incidences of colds and influenza.
Exposing yourself to ungodly amounts of time in the sun can make your skin look like Benjamin Button as a baby, the old lady in Something About Mary, or an elephant who spent too much time a bathtub. However, spending time in a sauna doesn’t expose you to the same kind of UVA and UVB rays that you get from the sun. When your body begins to produce the deep sweating you experience in an infrared sauna the rate at which dead skin cells are replaced increases. At the same time, heavy sweating helps to remove bacteria from the epidermal layer of the skin and the sweat ducts.
This cleansing of the pores also causes increased capillary circulation. This can give the skin a softer-looking, younger appearance. When you sweat, the movement of fluid to the skin delivers more nutrient and mineral-rich fluids and also helps to fill spaces around the cells, increasing firmness and reducing the appearance of wrinkles. So, by continually flushing waste through skin cells via the use of hyperthermia, you can increase skin health, tone and color, and more effectively cleanse your pores.
Next time you find yourself struggling with a bout of insomnia, try the following trick. About two to three hours before bed, hunt down a gym sauna and get your sweat-on for about fifteen to thirty minutes. Next, hop in a lukewarm or cool shower for five to ten minutes to bring your body temp down. If you’ve got plenty of time on your hands, you can do this two to three times. Anytime I do this kind of hot-cold contrast in the evening, I sleep like a baby.
Researchers have found that a sauna can help provide a deeper, more relaxed sleep, and also relieve chronic tension and fatigue issues. This is most likely because endorphins are released during sauna sessions. As endorphins are released into your body, they create a soothing, nearly tranquilizing effect that can not only help to minimize chronic pain, but can also help with relaxation and sleep. For an even more enhanced effect, try deep nasal breathing while you’re in there.
Research has shown 30 minutes of sauna treatment after exercise can cause an increase in oxygen consumption and red blood cell production that parallels the use of EPO, the illegal performance-enhancing drug. That’s right -- no needles or illegal substances needed.
In the high temperatures of an infrared sauna, your skin heats up and core body temperature rises. Then in response to these increased heat levels the blood vessels near your skin dilate and cause an increase in cardiac output. This causes your heart rate to shoot up from 60-70bpm (beats per minute) to as high as over 150bpm in the sauna. So with regular sauna use, you not only train your heart muscles and improve your cardiac output, but you also help the body’s regulatory system move blood around the body to areas that need cooling.
Similar to the pre-sleep protocol mentioned earlier, you can enhance this cardiovascular conditioning even more when your sauna is combined with alternating sessions into a cool shower, a quick dip into a cold pool or lake. Each time you rapidly change temperature (from hot to cool or vice-versa), your heart rate increases by as much as 60%, which is very comparable to the heart rate increase experienced during moderate exercise. (Incidentally, many folks find this to be a potent treatment for hangovers, too.)
There’s a good reason that best-selling author Nassim Taleb recommends environmental stressors as a way to become more “Antifragile”. As mentioned earlier, multiple research studies have shown that hyperthermia conditioning via the use of a sauna can prevent protein degradation and muscle loss. This, in turn, helps your cells to counteract potentially harmful stimulus, including environmental stress from pollutants, toxins, heat, cold, exercise stress, and more.
Whenever a cell is exposed to an unfriendly environment, your DNA “separates” in specific regions and begins to read the genetic code to produce new stress proteins. What this means is that exposure to sauna heat can induce a hormetic response (a protective stress response). This promotes the production of HSPs that are crucial to stress resistance, prevention of free radical damage, support of cellular antioxidant capacity, and repair of damaged proteins.
So, can you blame me? I’m addicted to my sauna, and knowing everything you’ve just read, I feel quite good about myself when I walk out of my daily sauna session. I’ll go beyond that -- once I follow up the sauna with a cold shower, I feel freaking unstoppable the rest of the day.